Three cases of feet and hand amputation from Medieval Estremoz, Portugal
The first portuguese case, concerning lim amputatios recovered from na archaeological site.
An uncommon skeletal record.
Probable confirmation of the existence of corporal punishment in the Middle Ages.
Peri-mortem limb amputations are rarely reported in the paleopathological literature. The cases reported here concern severing of both hands and feet observed in three adult male skeletons, exhumed from the medieval Portuguese necropolis of Rossio do Marquês de Pombal, Estremoz, Portugal. The fact that they were found in the same site, in graves placed side by side, that all are young males, and that the three skeletons show similar perimortem injuries, make this a unique case meriting detailed analysis. Considering the lesions’ location and pattern, as well as historical data, we hypothesize that this is a case of amputation as a consequence of judicial punishment. Estremoz was an important city in sustaining the Royal power at a regional scale during the medieval period.
Fernandes, Teresa, Marco Liberato, Carina Marques, and Eugénia Cunha. "Three cases of feet and hand amputation from Medieval Estremoz, Portugal." International Journal of Paleopathology 18 (2017): 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpp.2017.05.007
International Journal of Paleopathology