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Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most lethal primary brain cancer that lacks effective molecular targeted therapies. The PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway is activated in 90% of all Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors. To gain insight into the impact of the PI3K pathway on GBM metabolism, we treated U87MG GBM cells with NVP-BEZ235 (PI3K and mTOR a dual inhibitor) and identified differentially expressed genes with RNA-seq analysis. RNA-seq identified 7803 differentially regulated genes in response to NVP-BEZ235. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) identified two glycolysis-related gene sets that were significantly enriched (p < 0.05) in control samples compared to NVP-BEZ235-treated samples. We validated the inhibition of glycolytic genes by NVP-BEZ235 and examined the impact of the FOXO1 inhibitor (AS1842856) on these genes in a set of GBM cell lines. FOXO1 inhibition alone was associated with reduced LDHA expression, but not ENO1 or PKM2. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that PI3K-impacted glycolytic genes were over-expressed and co-expressed in GBM clinical samples. The elevated expression of PI3K-impacted glycolytic genes was associated with poor prognosis in GBM based on Kaplan–Meier survival analyses. Our results suggest novel insights into hallmark metabolic reprogramming associated with the PI3K-mTOR dual inhibition.


© 2021 by the authors.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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10.3390/ cells10113065

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Biology Commons



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