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Reinforced concrete piles installed by impact hammers have been used as a common solution for deep foundations because they are cost effective and require less time for construction. Driven piles are often used in large volumes for infrastructure and industrial projects in rural areas. Unlike other installation methods, installing piles using impact hammers can generate tensile stress during construction, which can result in pile failures. Induced tensile stress occurs when piles are being driven through a hard soil layer to a softer soil layer, and transverse cracks happen when induced tensile stress exceeds the pile tensile strength. This issue is not explicitly stated in most standards; the rare code that mentions this issue is AASHTO 2014. AASHTO 2014 uses correlations between the concrete tensile and compressive strengths to obtain the pile tensile strength. However, data collected from more than 1300 tests on the correlations between the concrete tensile and compressive strengths show that the concrete pile tensile strengths obtained using AASHTO 2014 are significantly conservative. This paper provides an adjustment in the correlation for the tensile strength based on previous data, and it proposes an approach to estimate the tensile strength for concrete-driven piles. A case study of the effects of pile failures on the tensile strength is also presented to verify the approach. The obtained tensile strength from the proposed approach agrees well with the measured field data. For the case study, the pile tensile strength obtained using the proposed approach is 38% and 59% higher than the tensile strength obtained using AASHTO 2014. These quantities are significant but may vary, depending on the compression strength of the concrete used and the pile configurations. The proposed approach better predicts the tensile strength of concrete piles and can lead to cost savings. View Full-Text


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Applied Sciences





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