A series of one-dimensional (1D) nanoparticle-assembled TiO2 fibers with tunable polymorphs were prepared via a novel and large scale ForceSpinning® process of titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP)/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) precursor fibers followed with a thermal treatment at various calcinations temperatures. The thermal and structural transformations were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis/differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The influence of polymorphic phase of the TiO2 fibers on the electrochemical performance in neutral aqueous 1 M Na2SO4 electrolyte was investigated. The polymorphic amorphous/anatase/rutile TiO2 fibers prepared at 450 °C achieved a highest capacitance of 21.2 F g−1 (6.61 mF cm−2) at a current density of 200 mA g−1, for which the improved electronic conductivity and activated pseudo-capacitance mechanism may be responsible. This work helps bridge the gap between nanoscience and manufacturing. It also makes polymorphism control of functional materials a potential strategy for further improving supercapacitive output of metal oxides.
Garcia, E., Li, Q., Sun, X., Lozano, K., & Mao, Y. (2015). TiO2 Fibers: Tunable Polymorphic Phase Transformation and Electrochemical Properties. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 15(5), 3750–3756. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2015.9545
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology