Using ψ-BLAST, we have developed a method for identifying the poorly conserved δ subunit of the DNA polymerase III holoenzyme from all sequenced bacteria. This approach, starting withEscherichia coli δ, leads not only to the identification of δ but also to the DnaX and δ′ subunits of the DnaX complex and other AAA+-class ATPases. This suggests that, although not an ATPase, δ is related structurally to the other subunits of the DnaX complex that loads the β sliding clamp processivity factor onto DNA. To test this prediction, we aligned δ sequences with those of δ′ and, using the start of δ′ Domain III established from its x-ray crystal structure, predicted the juncture between Domains II and III of δ. This putative δ Domain III could be expressed to high levels, consistent with the prediction that it folds independently. δ Domain III, like Domain III of DnaX and δ′, assembles by itself into a complex with the other DnaX complex components. Cross-linking studies indicated a contact of δ with the DnaX subunits. These observations are consistent with a model where two τ subunits and one each of the γ, δ′, and δ subunits mutually interact to form a pentameric functional core for the DnaX complex.
Jarvis, T. C., Beaudry, A. A., Bullard, J. M., Janjic, N., & McHenry, C. S. (2005). Reconstitution of a Minimal DNA Replicase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Stimulation by Non-cognate Auxiliary Factors. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280(9), 7890–7900. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M412263200
Journal of Biological Chemistry