DNA polymerase III holoenzyme is responsible for chromosomal replication in bacteria. The components and functions of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase III holoenzyme have been studied extensively. Here, we report the reconstitution of replicase activity by essential components of DNA polymerase holoenzyme from the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa. We have expressed and purified the processivity factor (β), single-stranded DNA-binding protein, a complex containing the polymerase (α) and exonuclease (ϵ) subunits, and the essential components of the DnaX complex (τ3δδ′). Efficient primer elongation requires the presence of αϵ, β, and τ3δδ′. Pseudomonas aeruginosa αϵ can substitute completely for E. coli polymerase III in E. coli holoenzyme reconstitution assays. Pseudomonas β and τ3δδ′ exhibit a 10-fold lower activity relative to their E. coli counterparts in E. coli holoenzyme reconstitution assays. Although the Pseudomonas counterpart to the E. coli ψ subunit was not apparent in sequence similarity searches, addition of purified E. coli χ and ψ (components of the DnaX complex) increases the apparent specific activity of the Pseudomonas τ3δδ′ complex ∼10-fold and enables the reconstituted enzyme to function better under physiological salt conditions.
Jarvis, Thale C.; Beaudry, Amber A.; Bullard, James M.; Janjic, Nebojsa; and McHenry, Charles S., "Reconstitution of a Minimal DNA Replicase From Pseudomonas Aeruginosa and Stimulation by Non-Cognate Auxiliary Factors" (2005). Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations. 29.
Journal of Biological Chemistry