The purpose of this chapter is to offer “food for thought” regarding an under researched area of juvenile violence causation: the possible connection between steadily increasing incarceration rates and steadily increasing incidents of school violence. Unfortunately, the negative, and sometimes violent, traits individuals develop while incarcerated are often brought out into their lives in society and personal lives, which often involve the raising of children. Research has documented the impacts that being incarcerated can have upon an individual. There is growing research supporting that these newly developed traits and behaviors can easily be imbedded in the children in which they have contact with upon release. The authors argue that we should not be surprised about the increases in juvenile violence given the constant flow of individuals in and out of American prisons. This is not to say that everyone who has served time will follow this path, but this is one area where actions and patterns of behavior which have been developed in one social environment can saturate another.
Stanko, S. C., & Crews, G. A. (2019). Violence is as American as Cherry Pie: Mass Incarceration and Juvenile Violence. In Crews, G. A. (Ed.), Handbook of Research on School Violence in American K-12 Education (pp. 305-317). IGI Global. http://doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-6246-7.ch014
Handbook of Research on School Violence in American K-12 Education