John Marshall was the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court between 1801 and 1835. His court opinions during this period provided the foundation for constitutional law in the United States and helped move the U.S. Supreme Court into the center of power in the American criminal justice system, capable of overruling Congress. Marshall still remains the longest-serving Chief Justice and is known for reinforcing the principle that federal courts are obligated to exercise judicial review and must examine laws purported by citizens to violate the U.S. Constitution. During his service, he helped establish the Supreme Court as the final authority on determining the meaning of the Constitution in cases and controversies that must be decided by the federal courts.
Crews, G. (2012). Marshall, john. In W. R. Miller (Ed.), The social history of crime and punishment in America: An encyclopedia (pp. 1071-1072). SAGE Publications, Inc., https://www.doi.org/10.4135/9781452218427.n421
The social history of crime and punishment in America: An encyclopedia