Criminal Justice Faculty Publications and Presentations

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Since the late 1990s, empirical evidence has strongly suggested a gradual increase in drug-related problems and substance abuse (illicit and prescription) in South Africa. Abuse of alcohol is still the primary issue, but other illegal drugs are a very close in any list of social ills for South Africa As in most parts of the world, issues and social problems associated with substance abuse continue to be exacerbated and perpetuated by socio-economic and developmental factors in South Africa. This issue is made worse by the fact that South Africa is one of the world’s largest producers of some illegal drugs such as marijuana. Many international law enforcement experts offer that this location in Africa is the genesis of much of the cannabis trafficked into the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.


This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by SAGE in the Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society.





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