Differentially private data publication with multi‐level data utility

Honglu Jiang, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
S. M. Sarwar, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Haotian Tu, George Washington University
Sheikh Ariful Islam, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shandong University.


Conventional private data publication mechanisms aim to retain as much data utility as possible while ensuring sufficient privacy protection on sensitive data. Such data publication schemes implicitly assume that all data analysts and users have the same data access privilege levels. However, it is not applicable for the scenario that data users often have different levels of access to the same data, or different requirements of data utility. The multi-level privacy requirements for different authorization levels pose new challenges for private data publication. Traditional PPDP mechanisms only publish one perturbed and private data copy satisfying some privacy guarantee to provide relatively accurate analysis results. To find a good tradeoff between privacy preservation level and data utility itself is a hard problem, let alone achieving multi-level data utility on this basis. In this paper, we address this challenge in proposing a novel framework of data publication with compressive sensing supporting multi-level utility-privacy tradeoffs, which provides differential privacy. Specifically, we resort to compressive sensing (CS) method to project a -dimensional vector representation of users’ data to a lower -dimensional space, and then add deliberately designed noise to satisfy differential privacy. Then, we selectively obfuscate the measurement vector under compressive sensing by adding linearly encoded noise, and provide different data reconstruction algorithms for users with different authorization levels. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that ML-DPCS yields multi-level of data utility for specific users at different authorization levels.