This study examines the impact of foreign ownership on firm productivity in private firms, employing the World Bank Enterprise Survey (WBES) dataset, which includes over 120, 000 firms from 139 countries. We find strong and robust evidence that foreign ownership is positively related to firm productivity. We then explore possible channels through which foreign ownership could impact firm productivity. Firms with foreign ownership are more likely to engage in innovation, telecommunication, and labor cost reduction, and less likely to face financial constraints. Moreover, the foreign-productivity relationship is more pronounced in medium/large firms than in small firms. Countries with medium institutional development or collectivistic countries stand to benefit more from foreign investment than countries with either low or high institutional development or individualistic countries do.
Xu, Jian, Yu Liu, and Hussein Abdoh. "Foreign ownership and productivity." International Review of Economics & Finance 80 (2022): 624-642. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iref.2022.02.079
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International Review of Economics & Finance
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Original published version available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iref.2022.02.079