Common/Single frontier methodologies that are used to analyze bank efficiency and performance can be misleading because of the homogeneous technology assumption. Using the U.S. banking data over 1984-2010, our dynamic methodology identifies a few data-driven thresholds and distinct size groups. Under common frontier assumption, the largest banks appear to be 22% less efficient on average than how they are in our model. Also, in the common frontier model, smaller banks seem to be relatively more efficient compared to their larger counterparts. Hence, common policies or regulations may not be well-balanced about controlling the banks of different sizes on the spectrum.
Almanidis, Pavlos; Karakaplan, Mustafa U.; and Kutlu, Levent, "A Dynamic Stochastic Frontier Model with Threshold Effects: U.S. Bank Size and Efficiency" (2019). Economics and Finance Faculty Publications and Presentations. 22.
Journal of Productivity Analysis