Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) can be used for muscle and fat area and density assessments. These may independently influence muscle and fat mass measurements from Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA).
Objective: To determine associations between pQCT-derived soft tissue density and area measures and DXA-derived soft tissue mass.
Methods: Linear regression models were developed based on BMI and calf fat and muscle cross-sectional area (FCSA and MCSA) and density measured by pQCT in healthy women (n=76) and men (n=82) aged 20-59 years. Independent variables for these models were leg and total bone-free lean mass (BFLM) and fat mass (FM) measured by DXA.
Results:Sex differences (p
Conclusion: Calf muscle and fat area and density independently predict lean and fat tissue mass.
Sherk, V. D., R. S. Thiebaud, Z. Chen, M. Karabulut, S. J. Kim, and D. A. Bemben. 2014. “Associations between PQCT-Based Fat and Muscle Area and Density and DXA-Based Total and Leg Soft Tissue Mass in Healthy Women and Men.” Journal of Musculoskelet Neuronal Interactions 14 (4): 7.
Journal of Musculoskelet Neuronal Interactions