Background: The protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, N polypeptide 2 (PTPRN2) gene may play a role in cancer; however, no study has focused on the associations of genetic variants within the PTPRN2 gene with age at onset (AAO) of cancer.
Methods: This study examined 220 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the PTPRN2 gene in the Marshfield sample with 716 cancer cases (any diagnosed cancer, excluding minor skin cancer) and 2,848 non-cancer controls. Multiple logistic regression model and linear regression model in PLINK software were used to examine the association of each SNP with the risk of cancer and AAO, respectively. For survival analysis of AAO, both classic Cox regression and Bayesian survival analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model in SAS v. 9.4 were applied to detect the association of each SNP with AAO. The hazards ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated.
Results: Single marker analysis identified 10 SNPs associated with the risk of cancer and 9 SNPs associated with AAO (p < 0.05). SNP rs7783909 revealed the strongest association with cancer (p = 6.52x10-3); while the best signal for AAO was rs4909140 (p = 6.18x10-4), which was also associated with risk of cancer (p = 0.0157). Classic Cox regression model showed that 11 SNPs were associated with AAO (top SNP rs4909140 with HR = 1.38, 95%CI = 1.11-1.71, p = 3.3x10-3). Bayesian Cox regression model showed similar results to those using the classic Cox regression (top SNP rs4909140 with HR = 1.39, 95%CI = 1.1-1.69).
Conclusions: This study provides evidence of several genetic variants within the PTPRN2 gene influencing the risk of cancer and AAO, and will serve as a resource for replication in other populations.
Wang KS, Pan Y, Wang W, Xu C (2015) Bayesian Survival Analysis of Genetic Variants in PTPRN2 Gene for Age at Onset of Cancer. Int J Clin Biostat Biom 1:004
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International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics