Information Systems Faculty Publications and Presentations

Document Type


Publication Date



Redundancy and flexibility are important key drivers for achieving supply chain resilience. However, there is a lack of comparison between these two elements, and their effectiveness on supply chain resilience, as well as how their relationship affects it. To address these problems, this study synthesizes the literature on supply chain resilience, redundancy, and flexibility, and clarifies specific strategies for aligning redundancy and flexibility for supply chain resilience in practice. In particular, it identifies the dimensions of redundancy and flexibility, and delineates four supply chain statuses: vulnerable, robust, lean, and resilient. The understanding leads to a supply chain resilience management framework, which provides operational guidance for enterprises to evaluate supply chain vulnerability and improve operation status. Overall, the framework contributes to the literature with the roles that redundancy and flexibility play in achieving supply chain resilience in terms of their manifestations and interactions.


Original published version available at

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Publication Title

Journal of Risk Research



Available for download on Saturday, September 20, 2025

Included in

Business Commons