Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Hasina Huq

Second Advisor

Dr. Karen Lozano

Third Advisor

Dr. Jae Sok Son


Photonic crystals (PhC) have recently become of great interest because of their potential as replacement of electronics and/or supplement to semiconductors technology. The PhC’s capability to make compact integrated optical circuits has already made possible the laboratory manufacture of an array of different types of optical waveguides, cavities and filters. The work presented here aimed to simultaneously fabricate a 3D-PhC templates employing six-beam holographic lithography. The basic procedures included recording gratings using interference field of laser sources in a photoresist coating on a glass substrate. The manufacturing method utilized only one optical element, a phasemask, drastically reducing the complexity of fabrication by eliminating the need multiple mirrors and beam splitters. Using this approach, a template can be created with a single exposure to laser source and just varying exposure times, increasing reproducibility.


Copyright 2010 Faraón Torres-Lazos. All Right Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American