Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Zina Eluri

Second Advisor

Dr. Frederick A. Ernst

Third Advisor

Dr. Mark H. Winkel


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorder defined by inattentive, hyperactive, and/or impulsive behaviors, typically treated with medications. Physical activity has been investigated as a treatment for children with ADHD and provides the ability for the individual to use it as a lifetime treatment option. Animal models can control for many of the issues posed by using human subjects. This study investigates whether physical activity in the form of wheel running reduces hyperactivity in an animal model of ADHD, the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR), compared to its control, Wistar Kyoto rat (WKY). Using an ABAB design, hyperactivity was measured using an open field test and physical activity was measured by a running wheel. Results indicated wheel running had little effect on hyperactivity, however, findings proposed that hyperactivity increased with age in SHR rats. Results are discussed, limitations are recognized, and future research is suggested.


Copyright 2015 Jessica A. Martinez. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American