Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Dr. Elena Bastida

Second Advisor

Dr. Kelly Himmel

Third Advisor

Dr. Mark Glazer


Home working has recently reemerged in both less-developed and developed countries. It is observed in both unskilled and highly skilled work. In general, there are no estimates of the number of women who bring work into their homes. Home working is part of the informal economy that is disguised and shadowed in the economy. Most of this type of employment is hidden in official statistics. In Turkey, for example the female informal labor force is about 68% (Kumbetoglu, 1993). Most of the work done by the women is piecework, and their earnings depend on the piece-rate.

This thesis utilizes existing secondary sources in attempting to explain the participation of Turkish women in the informal economy. It is suggested that through continuous exposure to paid work, women's consciousness will gradually increase and challenge traditional understandings of the subordination concept.


Copyright 2000 Nihan Kayaardi. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American