Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Amy A. Weimer

Second Advisor

Dr. Philip G. Gasquoine

Third Advisor

Dr. Darrin L. Rogers


The present study explored gender differences in the development of theory of mind (ToM) and social competence among school-age children. It was hypothesized that children’s ToM ability related to their social competence. Children, ages 6 to 12-years (N=62; 38 girls, 24 boys) were administered 12 advanced ToM stories and a language assessment. Parents and teachers evaluated the children’s social skills (N=70; 40 girls, 30 boys), - using a 23 item social competence inventory which consisted of positive behaviors and two forms of negative behaviors: relational aggression and overt hostility. Results indicated positive associations between children’s ToM ability and positive social behavior. Separate gender analyses revealed that girls scored significantly higher on positive social behavior than boys.


Copyright 2010 Cheryl A. Barton. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American

Included in

Psychology Commons