Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Dr. Jonathan H. Lieman

Second Advisor

Dr. Michael Persans

Third Advisor

Dr. Matthew Terry


Retinoblastoma (Rb) is a tumor suppressor protein that controls a critical checkpoint between the G1 phase and the S phase of the cell cycle. Rb is able to suppress cell proliferation by binding to the E2F family of transcription factors, inhibiting its ability to activate transcription of genes necessary for cell cycle progression. Mutations in proteins involved with the Rb/E2F pathway can result in hyper-proliferative cells that overtime can acquire and accumulate additional mutations, which could lead to tumorigenesis. To prevent hyper-proliferation, aberrant cells can be eliminated through apoptosis. E2F can induce apoptosis through two pathways: through transactivation of the tumor suppressor protein p53 or through Rb de-repression. This investigation provides evidence for E2F regulation of the phosphatases PTEN, Shp-2 and PTP-1B during E2F-associated apoptosis.


Copyright 2010 Liza D. Morales Smith. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American

Included in

Chemistry Commons