Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Dora E. Saavedra

Second Advisor

Dr. Cory Cunningham

Third Advisor

Dr. Jennifer Lemanski


This study was an initial step toward validating a new quantitative measure, the Inconsistent Nurturing as Control Theory (INCT) Scale, designed to quantitatively operationalize the INCT and assess whether functional family members take a controlling, nurturing, or inconsistent support approach to deal with their veteran’s PTSD behavior. Functional family members (88%) indicated that their veteran relative exhibited signs indicative of PTSD, using the PTSD Checklist (PCL-M). The INCT Scale was then used to determine which support approach family members used to deal with their veteran’s behavior. Results indicated that question items on nurturing and controlling yielded .70 or above internal reliability scores, thus supporting both hypotheses. The analysis regarding the validity of the INCT Scale was inconclusive due to the small sample size. Problems with the PCL-M instrument were also discussed. Initial findings, therefore, suggest that the INCT Scale is a promising instrument to reliably identify support approaches.


Copyright 2012 Danielle M. Reed. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American

Included in

Communication Commons