Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Rehabilitation Counseling

First Advisor

Dr. Irmo Marini

Second Advisor

Dr. Ralph Carlson

Third Advisor

Dr. Noreen Graf


Hirschi's (1969) Social Control Theory proposes that parental relationships serve as a shielding factor and has positive impact in the decreasing delinquency (i.e. substance use/abuse) in young people. This theory provides a framework for understanding substance use/abuse in young adult populations. Other factors including gender, cultural influences, family composition and birth order were also examined in this study. The Drug Abuse Screening Test - 20 (Skinner, 1982), the Parental Authority Questionnaire (Buri, 1991), and a demographic scale were utilized in a population of 182 adults in outpatient substance abuse treatment centers in South Texas, Texas Gulf Coast and areas in the south-central part of Texas to examine the relationship between substance abuse, gender, birth order, family composition and perceived parenting style. Results suggested correlations between substance abuse and gender (r=.061), birth order (r=.053), perceived parenting style for both parents (mother, r=-.004; father r=.083) and family composition (r=-.010) at the p<.05 level. A multiple linear regression showed R 2=. 051, adjusted R 2=-.024, F(5,176)=1.894, p=.098, indicating no significant findings. Implications for further research are included regarding substance abuse prevention programs.


Copyright 2013 Elizabeth Chavez-Palacios. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American