Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Experimental Psychology

First Advisor

Dr. Mark Winkel

Second Advisor

Dr. Darrin Rogers

Third Advisor

Dr. Jason Popan


Observational study testing the effect a confederate has on social influence. The study examined whether overhearing a prior refusal to assist from a confederate had an influence on a subsequent person’s willingness to help in time of need. Similarity characteristics between model and participant were also examined to determine if they contributed to an increased likelihood of helping. Observation was held at the University of Texas-Pan American and consisted of 60 male participants. Participants were approached, and asked for assistance, in two separate conditions: Experimental (confederate) condition (n=30) and Control (non-confederate) condition (n=30). Assistance was determined by a participant’s willingness to assist with a vehicle’s battery. Chi-square analysis was used to examine willingness to assist between control and experimental conditions. In conjunction, an independent samples t-test was used to explore similarity characteristics. Analyses found no statistical significance for this sample.


Copyright 2013 Israel Vela. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American

Included in

Psychology Commons