Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA
Will a confederate's initial decline of assistance influence people's willingness to help others?
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Dr. Mark Winkel
Dr. Darrin Rogers
Dr. Jason Popan
Observational study testing the effect a confederate has on social influence. The study examined whether overhearing a prior refusal to assist from a confederate had an influence on a subsequent person’s willingness to help in time of need. Similarity characteristics between model and participant were also examined to determine if they contributed to an increased likelihood of helping. Observation was held at the University of Texas-Pan American and consisted of 60 male participants. Participants were approached, and asked for assistance, in two separate conditions: Experimental (confederate) condition (n=30) and Control (non-confederate) condition (n=30). Assistance was determined by a participant’s willingness to assist with a vehicle’s battery. Chi-square analysis was used to examine willingness to assist between control and experimental conditions. In conjunction, an independent samples t-test was used to explore similarity characteristics. Analyses found no statistical significance for this sample.
University of Texas-Pan American
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