Mass production of carbon nanotube-reinforced polyacrylonitrile fine composite fibers
A facile and large-scale production method of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers and carboxyl functionalized carbon nanotube reinforced PAN composite fibers was demonstrated by the use of Forcespinning® technology. The developed polymeric fibers and carbon nanotube-reinforced composite fibers were subsequently carbonized to obtain carbon fiber systems. Analysis of the fiber diameter, homogeneity, alignment of carbon nanotube and bead formation was conducted with scanning electron microscopy. Thermogravimetric analysis, electrical, and mechanical characterization were also conducted. Raman and FTIR analyses of the developed fiber systems indicate interactions between carbon nanotubes and the carbonized PAN fibers through π–π stacking. The carbonized carbon nanotube-reinforced PAN composite fibers possess promising applications in energy storage applications.
Weng, B., Xu, F. and Lozano, K. (2014). Mass production of carbon nanotube-reinforced polyacrylonitrile fine composite fibers. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131, 40302, doi: 10.1002/app.40302
J. Appl. Polym. Sci.