This study presents the successful development of cellulose fiber based membranes embedded with silver nanoparticles. These fine fiber membranes were developed utilizing the Forcespinning (FS) technique followed by alkaline hydrolysis treatment. The fiber morphology, homogeneity and yield were optimized by varying spinning parameters such as polymer concentration and angular velocity of the spinnerets. The structure, thermal and mechanical properties, and water absorption capability of the developed membranes were investigated. The cellulose acetate (CA) present in the membrane was converted to cellulose in the presence of embedded silver nanoparticles by alkaline hydrolysis. The silver nanoparticles embedded cellulose membrane exhibits outstanding water absorption capacity with fast uptake rate. Its high porosity, three-dimensional network structure with wellinterconnected pores, as well as the intrinsically highly hydrophilic nature of cellulose material greatly favor its potential application as wound dressings. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the disk diffusion method. The composite membranes exhibit excellent antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, owing to the slow and sustained release of embedded silver nanoparticles.
Xu, Fenghua; Weng, Baicheng; Materon, Luis A.; Kuang, Anxiu; Trujillo, Jorge A.; and Lozano, Karen, "Fabrication of cellulose fine fiber based membranes embedded with silver nanoparticles via Forcespinning" (2015). Mechanical Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations. 13.
Journal of Polymer Engineering