A modular torque measuring instrument capable of performing tapping torque tests (TTT) according to the ASTM D-5619 standard was designed, developed, and validated. With this new instrument, the performance of different lubricants can be evaluated in terms of frictional torque and energy consumption during tapping processes. This instrument can adapt onto any conventional milling machine or CNC machine and operate under various machining operations such as tapping, drilling, and other processes. To validate the design and performance of this new device, three commercially available lubricants were evaluated. From the three tested conditions, the results showed good repeatability, with consistent results throughout the different tests for each lubricant. The impact of such a proposed instrument ranges from academic use to industrial business use.
De la Cruz, M., Gonzalez, R., Gomez, J. A., Mendoza, A., & Ortega, J. A. (2019). Design and Validation of A Modular Instrument to Measure Torque and Energy Consumption in Industrial Operations. Instruments, 3(3), 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/instruments3030041