Voltage–Amplitude Response of Superharmonic Resonance of Second Order of Electrostatically Actuated MEMS Cantilever Resonators

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This paper investigates the voltage–amplitude response of superharmonic resonance of second order (order two) of alternating current (AC) electrostatically actuated microelectromechanical system (MEMS) cantilever resonators. The resonators consist of a cantilever parallel to a ground plate and under voltage that produces hard excitations. AC frequency is near one-fourth of the natural frequency of the cantilever. The electrostatic force includes fringe effect. Two kinds of models, namely reduced-order models (ROMs), and boundary value problem (BVP) model, are developed. Methods used to solve these models are (1) method of multiple scales (MMS) for ROM using one mode of vibration, (2) continuation and bifurcation analysis for ROMs with several modes of vibration, (3) numerical integration for ROM with several modes of vibration, and (4) numerical integration for BVP model. The voltage–amplitude response shows a softening effect and three saddle-node bifurcation points. The first two bifurcation points occur at low voltage and amplitudes of 0.2 and 0.56 of the gap. The third bifurcation point occurs at higher voltage, called pull-in voltage, and amplitude of 0.44 of the gap. Pull-in occurs, (1) for voltage larger than the pull-in voltage regardless of the initial amplitude and (2) for voltage values lower than the pull-in voltage and large initial amplitudes. Pull-in does not occur at relatively small voltages and small initial amplitudes. First two bifurcation points vanish as damping increases. All bifurcation points are shifted to lower voltages as fringe increases. Pull-in voltage is not affected by the damping or detuning frequency.


Copyright VC 2019 by ASME. Original published version available at https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4042017

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J. Comput. Nonlinear Dynam.