Design and Validation of a Portable Handheld Device to Produce Fine Fibers Using Centrifugal Forces
In the present research project, a novel portable battery-powered handheld device able to produce micron and submicron fibers using centrifugal forces is proposed. The design includes spinnerets with a clamshell configuration with multiple chambers or reservoirs (2, 4, and 8) and different exit orifice diameters (400, 500, 600, and 800 µm). The rotational speed is controlled via an Arduino microcontroller. To validate the design, a series of experiments were conducted and the effect of the orifice diameter, number of chambers, and velocity on the resulting fibers’ diameter and yield was studied. For the experiments, a polymeric solution of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA) was prepared. The fiber yield was gravimetrically quantified, and the fiber morphology and diameter were analyzed by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The experimental results showed that spinnerets with an orifice diameter of 500 microns yielded the greatest amount of fibers (0.0777 g). In addition, the number of chambers also affected the amount of fibers produced, and it was determined that the fiber diameter size is dependent on the spinneret speed. Fibers 80 nm in diameter were observed at 6500 rpm.
Potter, G.; Barbosa, R.; Villarreal, A.; Salinas, A.; Guzman, H.; De Leon, H.; Ortega, J.A.; Lozano, K. Design and Validation of a Portable Handheld Device to Produce Fine Fibers Using Centrifugal Forces. Instruments 2020, 4, 27. https://doi.org/10.3390/instruments4030027
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