Title

In situ synthesis of Fe3O4-reinforced carbon fiber composites as anodes in lithium-ion batteries

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-31-2019

Abstract

α-Fe2O3 hollow nanofibers with wall thicknesses of 45 ± 16 nm were fabricated via centrifugal spinning of a solution containing Fe(NO3)3·9H2O and polyvinylpyrrolidone. These fibers were subjected to mechanical milling and mixed in ethanol. Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fiber mats were also fabricated by centrifugal spinning from dimethylformamide-based solutions. The as-prepared PAN fibrous mats were dipped in the iron-oxide suspension. The coated PAN membranes were then subjected to a heat treatment which yielded carbon fibers coated with Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Both pure carbon fibers (carbonized PAN fibers) and Fe3O4/C composite fibers were used as anode materials in Li-ion batteries. The Fe3O4/C composite anode exhibited high specific capacity and good cycle stability when compared to that of the carbon-fiber electrode. An initial discharge capacity (Li insertion) of 882 mAh g−1 was obtained for the Fe3O4/C composite fibers with promising cycle performance and rate capability. These composite fibers show promising applications as electrode materials in high-performance rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.

Comments

Copyright © 2019, Springer Science Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature

https://rdcu.be/cQuAg

Publication Title

Journal of Materials Science

DOI

10.1007/s10853-019-03717-z

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