Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



This study investigated the synthesis of CuCrFeNiTiAl high entropy alloy (HEA) from pure elements using selective laser melting (SLM). The objectives are to validate the feasibility of the HEA fabrication from elemental powder materials, and to examine the effect of various process conditions in SLM, such as laser power, point distance and laser exposure time, on the microstructures formed. The as-built samples under high, medium and low energy densities were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the microstructures were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD results showed that five major crystal structure phases (hexagonal, monoclinic, orthorhombic, body-centered cubic and rhombohedral) were present in all samples. Fine-grained phases were noticed on the sample surface with non-uniform microstructural distribution. Such phases in high and low energy density samples were observed polygonal while round-shaped microstructures were observed for samples prepared under medium energy density conditions. Also, the grain size was proportional to energy levels of the fabrication process. Large size and clustered structures are prominent in samples produced under high energy density.


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Publication Title

2021 International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium





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