Differential operators that are defined on a differentiable manifold can be used to study various properties of manifolds. The spectrum and eigenfunctions play a very significant role in this process. The objective of this chapter is to develop the heat equation method and to describe how it can be used to prove the Hodge Theorem. The Minakshisundaram-Pleijel parametrix and asymptotic expansion are then derived. The heat equation asymptotics can be used to give a development of the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for two-dimensional manifolds.
Paul Bracken (January 18th 2017). Spectral Theory of Operators on Manifolds, Manifolds - Current Research Areas, Paul Bracken, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/67095. Available from: https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/53712
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Manifolds - Current Research Areas