The role of dissipation with respect to a microscopic superposition of quantum states is investigated by means of master equations. This has implications for the study of the emergence of classicality from the quantum level. In particular, it illustrates why it is difficult to observe a macroscopic quantum state. The role of the environment is assumed by the measuring apparatus. A pure state is reduced to a mixture in the pointer basis of the system by means of the interaction with the apparatus. It is the intention that this type of analysis will have applications to experiments which are designed to better understand the environmental-assisted invariance formulation of quantum mechanics.
Bracken, Paul. "The effect of damping by an environment on emergence of classicality." Modern Physics Letters B (2023): 2250187. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217984922501871
Modern Physics Letters B
Available for download on Thursday, January 18, 2024