Lie group analysis of flow and heat transfer of a nanofluid in cone–disk systems with Hall current and radiative heat flux
A study of the rheological and heat transport characteristics in cone–disk systems finds relevance in many applications such as viscometry, conical diffusers, and medical devices. Therefore, a three-dimensional axisymmetric flow with heat transport of a magnetized nanofluid in a cone–disk system subjected to Hall current and thermal radiation effects is investigated. The simplified Navier–Stokes (NS) equations for the cone–disk system given by Sdougos et al.  Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 138, 379–404 are solved by using the asymptotic expansion method for the four different models, such as rotating cone with static disk (Model I), rotating disk with static cone (Model II), co-rotating cone and disk (Model III), and counter-rotating cone and disk (Model IV). The Khanafer–Vafai–Lightstone (KVL) model along with experimental data-based properties of 37 nm Al2O3–H2O nanofluid is considered. To obtain the transformations leading to self-similar equations from the Navier–Stokes (NS) and energy conservation equations, the Lie group technique is used. The self-similar nonlinear problem is solved numerically to examine the effects of physical parameters. There are critical values of the power exponent at which no heat transport from the disk surface occurs. Nanoparticles significantly enhance heat transport when both the cone and disk rotate in the same or opposite directions. The centrifugal force and thermal radiation improve the heat transport in cone–disk systems.
Basavarajappa, M. and Bhatta, D., Lie group analysis of flow and heat transfer of a nanofluid in cone–disk systems with Hall current and radiative heat flux, Math. Meth. Appl. Sci. 46 (2023), 15838–15867. https://doi.org/10.1002/mma.9429
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences