We demonstrate the emergence of an entire flat band with no complex component embedded in dispersive bands at the exceptional point of a PT -symmetric photonic lattice. For this to occur, the gain and loss parameter effectively alters the size of the partial flat band windows and band gap of the photonic lattice simultaneously. The mode associated with the entire flat band is robust against changes in the system size and survives even at the edge of the lattice. Our proposal offers a route for controllable localization of light in non-Hermitian systems and a technique for measuring non-Hermiticity via localization.
Ramezani, Hamidreza. “Non-Hermiticity-Induced Flat Band.” Physical Review A, vol. 96, no. 1, American Physical Society, July 2017, p. 011802, doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.96.011802.
Physical Review A