The ternary oxide system Y-Fe-O presents fascinating magnetic properties that are sensitive to the crystalline size of particles. There is a major challenge to fabricate these materials in nano-crystalline forms due to particle conglomeration during nucleation and synthesis. In this paper we report the fabrication of nano sized crystalline yttrium ferrite by solution combustion synthesis (SCS) where yttrium and iron nitrates were used as metal precursors with glycine as a fuel. The magnetic properties of the product can be selectively controlled by adjusting the ratio of glycine to metal nitrates. Yttrium ferrite nano-powder was obtained by using three concentration of glycine (3, 6 and 10 wt.%) in the initial exothermic mixture. Increasing glycine content was found to increase the reaction temperature of the system. The structural and magnetic properties of yttrium ferrite before and after annealing at temperature of 1000 °C were investigated by X-ray diffractometry, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and cryogenic magnetometry (PPMS, Quantum Design). X-ray diffraction showed that, a broad diffraction peak was found for all samples indicating the amorphous nature of the product. Particle size and product morphology analysis identified that, Nitrate/ glycine combustion caused considerable gas evolution, mainly carbon dioxide, N2 and H2O vapor, which caused the synthesized powders to become friable and loosely agglomerated for glycine concentration from 3 wt.% up to 10 wt.%. The study of the magnetic properties of produced materials in a metastable state was performed by measuring dependencies of Magnetization (M) on temperature, and magnetization on magnetic field strength between 5 K and 300 K. Magnetization measurements on temperature zero-fieldcooled and field-cooled show different patterns when the fraction of glycine is increased. The analysis of zero-field-cooled (ZFC), field-cooled (FC) and magnetization curves of annealed samples confirmed that nanoparticles exhibit superparamagnetic behavior. The increasing concentration of glycine leads to an increased blocking temperature.
Saukhimov, A., Hobosyan, M., Dannangoda, G., Zhumabekova, N., Kumekov, S. and Martirosyan, K. (2014) “Fabrication of Yttrium Ferrite Nanoparticles by Solution Combustion Synthesis”, Eurasian Chemico-Technological Journal, 16(1), pp. 27-34. doi: 10.18321/ectj165.
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Eurasian Chemico-Technological Journal