We perform a wide parameter-space search for continuous gravitational waves over the whole sky and over a large range of values of the frequency and the first spin-down parameter. Our search method is based on the Hough transform, which is a semicoherent, computationally efficient, and robust pattern recognition technique. We apply this technique to data from the second science run of the LIGO detectors and our final results are all-sky upper limits on the strength of gravitational waves emitted by unknown isolated spinning neutron stars on a set of narrow frequency bands in the range 200–400 Hz. The best upper limit on the gravitational-wave strain amplitude that we obtain in this frequency range is 4.43×10−23.
Anderson, W. G.; Diaz, Mario C.; Johnston, Wm. R.; Mukherjee, Soma; Mohanty, Soumya; and Torres, Cristina V., "First all-sky upper limits from LIGO on the strength of periodic gravitational waves using the Hough transform" (2005). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations. 354.
Physical Review D