Using optimal matched filtering, we search 25 hours of data from the LIGO 40-m prototype laser interferometric gravitational-wave detector for gravitational-wave chirps emitted by coalescing binary systems within our Galaxy. This is the first test of this filtering technique on real interferometric data. An upper limit on the rate R of neutron star binary inspirals in our Galaxy is obtained: with 90% confidence, R<0.5h−1. Similar experiments with LIGO interferometers will provide constraints on the population of tight binary neutron star systems in the Universe.
Allen, B.; Blackburn, J. K.; Creighton, J. D.; and Creighton, Teviet, "Observational Limit on Gravitational Waves from Binary Neutron Stars in the Galaxy" (1999). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations. 380.
Physical Review Letters