If γ-ray bursts (GRBs) are accompanied by gravitational wave bursts (GWBs) the correlated output of two gravitational wave detectors evaluated in the moments just prior to a GRB will differ from that evaluated at other times. We can test for this difference without prior knowledge of either the GWB wave form or the detector noise spectrum. With a model for the GRB source population and GWB spectrum we can put a limit on the in-band rms GWB signal amplitude. Laser-Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory I detector observations coincident with 1000 GRB observations could lead us to exclude with 95% confidence associated GWBs with hRMS≳1.7×10−22.
Finn, Lee Samuel; Mohanty, Soumya; and Romano, Joseph D., "Detecting an association between gamma ray and gravitational wave bursts" (1999). Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications and Presentations. 381.
Physical Review D