We investigate the stability of the magnetic dual chiral density wave (MDCDW) phase of cold and dense QCD against collective low-energy fluctuations of the order parameter. The appearance of additional structures in the system free energy due to the explicit breaking of the rotational and isospin symmetries by the external magnetic field play a crucial role in the analysis. The new structures stiffen the spectrum of the thermal fluctuations in the transverse direction, thereby avoiding the Landau-Peierls instability that affects single-modulated phases at arbitrarily low temperatures. The lack of Landau-Peierls instabilities in the MDCDW phase makes this inhomogeneous phase of dense quark matter of particular interest for the physics of neutron stars.
Ferrer, E. J., and V. de la Incera. “Absence of Landau-Peierls Instability in the Magnetic Dual Chiral Density Wave Phase of Dense QCD.” Physical Review D, vol. 102, no. 1, American Physical Society, July 2020, p. 014010, doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.102.014010.
Physical Review D