We investigate the hadron-quark phase transition at finite density in the presence of a magnetic field taking into account the anisotropy created by a uniform magnetic field in the system’s equations of state. We find a new anisotropic equilibrium condition that will drive the first-order phase transition along the boundary between the two phases. Fixing the magnetic field in the hadronic phase, the phase transition is realized by increasing the baryonic chemical potential at zero-temperature. It is shown that the magnetic field is mildly boosted after the system transitions from the hadronic to the quark phase. The magnetic-field discontinuity between the two phases is supported by a surface density of magnetic monopoles, which accumulate at the boundary separating the two phases. The mechanism responsible for the monopole charge density generation is discussed. Each phase is found to be paramagnetic with higher magnetic susceptibility in the quark phase. The connection with the physics of neutron stars is highlighted throughout the paper.
Ferrer, E. J., and A. Hackebill. "Hadron-quark phase transition at finite density in the presence of a magnetic field: Anisotropic approach." International Journal of Modern Physics A 37.09 (2022): 2250048. https://doi.org/10.1142/S0217751X22500488
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International Journal of Modern Physics A