Interphase of polyoctenamer-single-wall carbon nanotubes by thermogravimetric analysis in air

Document Type


Publication Date



Non-isothermal thermogravimetric analysis in air, of polyoctenamer-single wall carbon nanotubes (PO-SWNTs), loaded by various amounts of SWNTs up to 10% wt., at different heating rates (ranging from 5 to 40°C/min) is reported. The thermal degradation in the air of PO_SWNTs is dominated by a main single sigmoidal dependence, assigned to the polymer and eventually polymer-nanofiller interphase, over which a weaker sigmoid assigned to the thermo-oxidative degradation of the nanofiller is superimposed at higher temperatures. The temperature at which the nanocomposite's residual mass fraction reaches x% wt. of the initial mass, Tx%, is reported (for x = 5, 50, and 85). The dependence of Tx% on the heating rate and the loading by nanotubes is analyzed. The temperature derivative of the thermograms defines new parameters (inflection residual mass fraction and inflection temperature) and (degradation) width. Their dependence on the loading by SWNTs was reported. Estimation of the interphase in polymer-based nanocomposites is based on the postulate that the dependence of the inflection temperature on the composition of the nanocomposite obeys a Fox-like dependence, where the bulk polymer and the polymer trapped within the interphase are considered as a blend of two miscible polymers. Complementary Raman, x-ray diffraction, and differential scanning calorimetry support these results.


© 2023 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Polymer Science