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The current study shows that using a batch approach to remove crystal violet dye from synthetic wastewater is feasible when using royal palm leaf sheath powder as an adsorbent. In order to investigate the effects of many parameters, including starting concentration, pH effect, dye concentration, adsorbent dose, contact time, and temperature, experiments were carried out under various operating conditions. Maximum removal was obtained at pH 6 and at a concentration of 100 ppm, which are considered as ideal values. The influence of pH and dye concentration was shown to be substantial. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherm models were fitted to equilibrium data. The Langmuir isotherm model, which showed a maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 454.5455 mg/g, best described the equilibrium data. The Pseudo-second-order kinetic model was found to closely resemble rather than the first-order and intra-particle diffusion models. Standard enthalpy (∆H◦), entropy (∆S◦), and free energy (∆G◦) were evaluated as thermodynamic parameters. It was discovered that the adsorption contact was endothermic in nature. The outcomes highlight the applicability of the inexpensive, locally accessible adsorbent in the specialty area of wastewater treatment and can be used in commercial dye-enriched effluent.


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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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Scientific Reports





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