Sleep is related to cognitive functioning, learning, and brain development in the adolescent population. Recent research indicates a rise in the presence of chronic sleep disorders such as insomnia in adolescents, particularly following the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, research on the effectiveness of sleep interventions for adolescents is necessary to guide treatment in adolescents. The authors conducted a systematic review of literature examining research on outcomes of treatment interventions for insomnia on sleep quality and cognitive functioning in adolescents. Results indicate a dearth of research examining effectiveness of treatment in adolescents, particularly in relation to the impact of such treatment on cognitive functioning in adolescents. The following paper provides a brief overview of existing research on treatment of insomnia or related problems including initiating, maintaining and awaking for adolescent populations with a focus on improvement of cognitive functioning within this population. The authors discuss existing barriers to research, emphasize the need to expand sleep research to include cognitive functioning outcomes, and inform best practices for treatment in adolescents following COVID-19. Lastly, the authors propose a call to action encouraging more widespread recognition of the need for research in this area.
Torres-Pagan, Leonell; Terepka, Angelica; Vaysman, Renata; Velez-Agosto, Nicole M.; Usseglio, John; and Shechter, Ari (2022) "Adolescent Sleep Behavioral Interventions and Opportunities to Improve Cognitive Functioning: A Call for Action," Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk: Vol. 13: Iss. 1, Article 4. Available at: https://digitalcommons.library.tmc.edu/childrenatrisk/vol13/iss1/4
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Journal of Applied Research on Children