Psychological Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Document Type


Publication Date



Introduction: The current study documented levels of anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress, and COVID-19 fears and impacts among Latinxs living near the U.S.-Mexico border during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Participants of this cross-sectional study were 305 Latinx adults living in the Rio Grande Valley (RGV) who completed an online survey between June and November 2020.

Results: About half of participants scored above the cut-off for anxiety (50.2%; GAD-7 scores ≥10) and depression (48.8%; PHQ-9 scores ≥10), and more than a quarter of participants showed clinical levels of posttraumatic stress (27.3%; PCL-5 scores ≥31). Latinxs reported on average 22 types of negative pandemic life impacts on the Epidemic-Pandemic Impacts Inventory. Endorsement of mental health symptoms, severity of COVID-19 fears, and COVID-related life impacts varied based on several demographic characteristics including gender, marital status, educational attainment, employment, income, insurance coverage, vulnerability to COVID-19, and essential worker status.

Discussion: Overall, the cross-sectional results of this study revealed that RGV Latinx residents experienced high levels of psychological distress during the pandemic. Results suggest that Latinx women were most affected by the psychological consequences of the pandemic. More research is needed with communities living near the U.S.-Mexico border as they may be particularly vulnerable to mental health problems during the pandemic.


Copyright © 2023 Villalobos and Hernandez Rodriguez.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Publication Title

Frontiers in Psychology



Included in

Psychology Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.