Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2005

Abstract

The effect of family environment on the development of Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is not known. We sought to characterize families with children with ADHD in order to better understand the contributions of family environment to the development of ADHD. We collected demographic data, parents’ and teachers’ rating scales, intellectual quotient, and the family environment scale (FES) for 53 children (aged 4-13), 29 with ADHD diagnosis and 24 controls. Statistical analysis indicated a family environment profile within the average range for both samples. There were significant differences between ADHD and controls for the measures of cohesion, intellectual activity orientation, and recreational activities orientation. Greater severity of the TDAH symptoms was related to less cohesion and more conflict. There seems to be no association between the quality of the family environment and the diagnosis of ADHD.

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El efecto del clima familiar en el desarrollo del trastorno por déficit de atenciónhiperactividad (TDAH) no se conoce. En este estudio se busca caracterizar a las familias con niños con TDAH para tener un mejor entendimiento de las contribuciones del clima familiar en el desarrollo del trastorno. Se recolectaron datos demográficos, escalas de puntuación de padres y profesores, cociente intelectual y la escala de clima familiar (ECF), de 53 niños (edades 4 a 13 años); 29 con diagnóstico de TDAH y 24 no casos. Análisis estadístico arroja un perfil de clima familiar dentro del rango promedio para ambas muestras. Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre casos y controles para las subescalas de cohesión, orientación hacia actividades intelectuales y orientación hacia actividades recreativas. Una mayor gravedad en síntomas de TDAH estuvo relacionada con menor cohesión y mayor conflicto familiar. Los hallazgos sugieren falta de asociación entre la calidad del clima familiar y el diagnóstico del TDAH.

First Page

297

Last Page

310

Publication Title

Psicología Conductual

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