Phenotyping and Adolescence-to-Adulthood Transitions Among Latinos
Phenotyping the system of prejudice and discrimination, which gives preference to European physical characteristics and devalues those of Amerindians, Africans, and Asians, affects the lives of many Latinos in the United States. This study examines the impact of phenotyping on academic and employment outcomes among Latino adolescents/young adults. Outcomes examined include the odds of graduating from high school, finding full-time employment after completing high school, and attending college. Socioeconomic status (measured at individual and school levels), family structure, quality of parent–child relationships, immigrant generational status, and other measures are included as controls. Multilevel modeling and logistic regression are utilized as analytical tools. Results indicate that, among Latinos, light skin and blue eyes are associated with better academic outcomes than having dark skin and brown eyes, while those with darker skin enter the labor market earlier than their light-skinned co-ethnics.
Ryabov, I., Goza, F.W. Phenotyping and Adolescence-to-Adulthood Transitions Among Latinos. Race Soc Probl 6, 342–355 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12552-014-9132-3
Race Soc Probl