In the past decade, studies on vitamin D levels and relationships to orthopaedic patients have increased exponentially worldwide. Journals have established risk factors, proper assessment of vitamin D levels, supplementation standards, and dependent variables that effect prevalence.1
More specifically, many vitamin D studies in the field of orthopaedics and sports medicine have been conducted by analyzing NFL teams and NCAA Division I athletes and dividing the cohorts into player parameters such as age, BMI, race, team position, and supplement type. The results of these studies concluded that there is a large prevalence of vitamin D deficiency amongst athletes and an even higher abnormality of serum vitamin D levels in races with darker skin tones.3 Studies also have been conducted on the benefits of vitamin D and calcium supplementation to prevent over-use injuries like stress fractures.4 An example would be a study showing a 20% lower incidence of stress fractures in navy recruits in a 24-month period.5
But despite such a high level of interest in analyses of vitamin D in athletes, the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and its influence in overuse injuries like stress fractures within the population of collegiate athletes in the Rio Grande Valley has not yet been investigated.
Wheeler, Amanda J., "Implementation of Vitamin D Screening and Planned Intervention of Supplementation for Deficient Collegiate Athletes of the Rio Grande Valley" (2022). MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship. 31.
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