Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 6-25-2021


Haplo-essential genes are those which cannot tolerate a loss-of-function (LoF) mutation in a single allele. These essential genes are critical for cell survival (cell essential) and organism development (developmental essential). De novo LoF mutations of halpo-essential genes, therefore, likely contribute to reproductive failure in humans. Recently, Nucleolar protein 6 (Nol6), a protein coding gene, has been identified as an ideal candidate for phenotypic expansion for exploring genetic variants related to stillbirth [1]. Mouse embryos were edited via CRISPR/Cas9 reagents to induce a heterozygous LoF mutation in Nol6, followed by in vitro culture to blastocyst stage to experimentally assess haplo-essentiality. Phenotype was annotated using an embryoscope and was correlated to genotype obtained by Sanger sequencing. Fisher exact tests and Wilcoxon Sum Ranked tests were used to statistically analyze results.

Academic Level

medical student



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.