There is a paucity of evidence about traumatic injuries and their sequelae sustained due to equestrian injuries nationally.
Retrospective study analyzing National Trauma Data Bank data from 2007 to 2016. Variables collected included age, sex, race, payer status, Injury Severity Score (ISS), hospital length of stay, Glasgow Coma Scale, systolic blood pressure (SBP) at presentation, discharge disposition, and mortality. Patient data were analyzed by anatomic region.
The most frequent type of injury was in the thorax, but head and neck injuries produced the highest mortality. Increased ISS and an SBP of less than 90 mm Hg were also significant predictors of mortality.
The risk of hospital admission from equestrian injuries is higher than football, motor vehicle racing, and skiing. Preventive measures and campaigns should be instituted to highlight safety practices and the use of personal protective equipment while on horseback either for sports, leisure, or work.
Mutore, K., Lim, J., Fofana, D., Torres-Reveron, A., & Skubic, J. J. (2021). Hearing hoofbeats? Think head and neck trauma: a 10-year NTDB analysis of equestrian-related trauma in the USA. Trauma surgery & acute care open, 6(1), e000728. https://doi.org/10.1136/tsaco-2021-000728
Trauma Surg Acute Care Open