It is well understood that as the body begins to age, its ability to adapt and sustain itself decreases. The eyes are not immune to this effect, and the complex interplay between the eyes and the brain deteriorates insidiously over time. There has been a notable increase in the elderly population, and diseases such as the ones described above need to be at the forefront of an ophthalmologist's mind when treating this population. Neuro-ophthalmology diseases in the elderly are not well known to general practitioners but should be included in the differential due to the potential of rapid deterioration and further involvement of the other eye—all of which might be preventable with prompt and early treatment. This article describes a few of the neuro-ophthalmology diseases that commonly cause vision loss in the elderly population, such as, giant cell arteritis (GCA), non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION), brain neoplasms, and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP).
Gatiganti, Aishwarya, "Neuro-Ophthalmology Diseases in Elderly" (2023). School of Medicine Publications and Presentations. 1067.